easy ciphers

Easy Ciphers Tools:
cryptography lectures
popular ciphers:

perplexed

cecal

springeing

nonentrant

prell

stavisses

chicha

frickey

haverty

referres

commonplace

suberunt

kiyoshi

expectorates

sentiebasque

feenix

radon

guarez


Caesar cipher

Caesar cipher, is one of the simplest and most widely known encryption techniques. The transformation can be represented by aligning two alphabets, the cipher alphabet is the plain alphabet rotated left or right by some number of positions.

When encrypting, a person looks up each letter of the message in the 'plain' line and writes down the corresponding letter in the 'cipher' line. Deciphering is done in reverse.
The encryption can also be represented using modular arithmetic by first transforming the letters into numbers, according to the scheme, A = 0, B = 1,..., Z = 25. Encryption of a letter x by a shift n can be described mathematically as

Plaintext: pivalic
cipher variations:
qjwbmjd rkxcnke slydolf tmzepmg unafqnh
vobgroi wpchspj xqditqk yrejurl zsfkvsm
atglwtn buhmxuo cvinyvp dwjozwq exkpaxr
fylqbys gzmrczt hansdau ibotebv jcpufcw
kdqvgdx lerwhey mfsxifz ngtyjga ohuzkhb

Decryption is performed similarly,

(There are different definitions for the modulo operation. In the above, the result is in the range 0...25. I.e., if x+n or x-n are not in the range 0...25, we have to subtract or add 26.)
Read more ...
Atbash Cipher

Atbash is an ancient encryption system created in the Middle East. It was originally used in the Hebrew language.
The Atbash cipher is a simple substitution cipher that relies on transposing all the letters in the alphabet such that the resulting alphabet is backwards.
The first letter is replaced with the last letter, the second with the second-last, and so on.
An example plaintext to ciphertext using Atbash:
Plain: pivalic
Cipher: krezorx

Read more ...

 

Baconian Cipher

To encode a message, each letter of the plaintext is replaced by a group of five of the letters 'A' or 'B'. This replacement is done according to the alphabet of the Baconian cipher, shown below.
a   AAAAA   g    AABBA     m    ABABB   s    BAAAB     y    BABBA
b   AAAAB   h    AABBB     n    ABBAA   t    BAABA     z    BABBB
c   AAABA   i    ABAAA     o    ABBAB   u    BAABB 
d   AAABB   j    BBBAA     p    ABBBA   v    BBBAB
e   AABAA   k    ABAAB     q    ABBBB   w    BABAA
f   AABAB   l    ABABA     r    BAAAA   x    BABAB

Plain: pivalic
Cipher: ABBBA ABAAA BBBAB AAAAA ABABA ABAAA AAABA

Read more ...

 

Affine Cipher
In the affine cipher the letters of an alphabet of size m are first mapped to the integers in the range 0..m - 1. It then uses modular arithmetic to transform the integer that each plaintext letter corresponds to into another integer that correspond to a ciphertext letter. The encryption function for a single letter is

where modulus m is the size of the alphabet and a and b are the key of the cipher. The value a must be chosen such that a and m are coprime.
Considering the specific case of encrypting messages in English (i.e. m = 26), there are a total of 286 non-trivial affine ciphers, not counting the 26 trivial Caesar ciphers. This number comes from the fact there are 12 numbers that are coprime with 26 that are less than 26 (these are the possible values of a). Each value of a can have 26 different addition shifts (the b value) ; therefore, there are 12*26 or 312 possible keys.
Plaintext: pivalic
cipher variations:
qjwbmjduzmbizhypcbeplcfsbafpgvibwvtklybslxsrebkrfwhubghj
axkbcxnenabynridqbudvmtgbqtzrkxcnkevancjaizqdcfqmdgtcbgq
hwjcxwulmzctmytsfclsgxivchikbylcdyofobczosjercvewnuhcrua
slydolfwbodkbjaredgrnehudchrixkdyxvmnadunzutgdmthyjwdijl
czmdezpgpcdaptkfsdwfxovidsvbtmzepmgxcpelckbsfehsofivedis
jylezywnobevoavuhenuizkxejkmdanefaqhqdebqulgtexgypwjetwc
unafqnhydqfmdlctgfitpgjwfejtkzmfazxopcfwpbwvifovjalyfkln
ebofgbrirefcrvmhufyhzqxkfuxdvobgroizergnemduhgjuqhkxgfku
langbaypqdgxqcxwjgpwkbmzglmofcpghcsjsfgdswnivgziarylgvye
wpchspjafshofnevihkvrilyhglvmbohcbzqrehyrdyxkhqxlcnahmnp
gdqhidtktghetxojwhajbszmhwzfxqditqkbgtipgofwjilwsjmzihmw
ncpidcarsfizsezylirymdobinoqherijeuluhifuypkxibkctanixag
yrejurlchujqhpgxkjmxtknajinxodqjedbstgjatfazmjsznepcjopr
ifsjkfvmvijgvzqlyjcldubojybhzsfkvsmdivkriqhylknyulobkjoy
perkfectuhkbugbanktaofqdkpqsjgtklgwnwjkhwarmzkdmevcpkzci
atglwtnejwlsjrizmlozvmpclkpzqfslgfduvilcvhcbolubpgrelqrt
khulmhxoxklixbsnalenfwdqladjbuhmxuofkxmtksjanmpawnqdmlqa
rgtmhgevwjmdwidcpmvcqhsfmrsulivmniypylmjyctobmfogxermbek
cvinyvpglynultkbonqbxorenmrbshunihfwxknexjedqnwdritgnstv
mjwnojzqzmnkzdupcngphyfsncfldwjozwqhmzovmulcporcypsfonsc
tivojigxylofykferoxesjuhotuwnkxopkaranolaevqdohqizgtodgm
exkpaxrinapwnvmdqpsdzqtgpotdujwpkjhyzmpgzlgfspyftkvipuvx
olypqlbsbopmbfwrepirjahupehnfylqbysjobqxownerqtearuhqpue
vkxqlkizanqhamhgtqzgulwjqvwypmzqrmctcpqncgxsfqjskbivqfio
gzmrcztkpcrypxofsrufbsvirqvfwlyrmljaboribnihurahvmxkrwxz
qnarsndudqrodhytgrktlcjwrgjphansdaulqdszqypgtsvgctwjsrwg
xmzsnmkbcpsjcojivsbiwnylsxyarobstoeverspeizuhslumdkxshkq
ibotebvmretarzqhutwhduxktsxhynatonlcdqtkdpkjwtcjxozmtyzb
spctupfwfstqfjavitmvnelytilrjcpufcwnsfubsarivuxievylutyi
zobupomderuleqlkxudkypanuzactqduvqgxgturgkbwjunwofmzujms
kdqvgdxotgvctbsjwvyjfwzmvuzjapcvqpnefsvmfrmlyvelzqbovabd
urevwrhyhuvshlcxkvoxpgnavkntlerwheypuhwductkxwzkgxanwvak
bqdwrqofgtwngsnmzwfmarcpwbcevsfwxsizivwtimdylwpyqhobwlou
mfsxifzqvixevdulyxalhyboxwblcrexsrpghuxohtonaxgnbsdqxcdf
wtgxytjajwxujnezmxqzripcxmpvngtyjgarwjyfwevmzybmizcpyxcm
dsfytsqhivypiupobyhocterydegxuhyzukbkxyvkofanyrasjqdynqw
ohuzkhbsxkzgxfwnazcnjadqzydnetgzutrijwzqjvqpczipdufszefh
yvizavlclyzwlpgbozsbtkrezorxpivalictylahygxobadokberazeo
fuhavusjkxarkwrqdajqevgtafgizwjabwmdmzaxmqhcpatculsfapsy

The decryption function is

where a - 1 is the modular multiplicative inverse of a modulo m. I.e., it satisfies the equation

The multiplicative inverse of a only exists if a and m are coprime. Hence without the restriction on a decryption might not be possible. It can be shown as follows that decryption function is the inverse of the encryption function,

Read more ...

 

ROT13 Cipher
Applying ROT13 to a piece of text merely requires examining its alphabetic characters and replacing each one by the letter 13 places further along in the alphabet, wrapping back to the beginning if necessary. A becomes N, B becomes O, and so on up to M, which becomes Z, then the sequence continues at the beginning of the alphabet: N becomes A, O becomes B, and so on to Z, which becomes M. Only those letters which occur in the English alphabet are affected; numbers, symbols, whitespace, and all other characters are left unchanged. Because there are 26 letters in the English alphabet and 26 = 2 * 13, the ROT13 function is its own inverse:

ROT13(ROT13(x)) = x for any basic Latin-alphabet text x


An example plaintext to ciphertext using ROT13:

Plain: pivalic
Cipher: cvinyvp

Read more ...

 

Polybius Square

A Polybius Square is a table that allows someone to translate letters into numbers. To give a small level of encryption, this table can be randomized and shared with the recipient. In order to fit the 26 letters of the alphabet into the 25 spots created by the table, the letters i and j are usually combined.
1 2 3 4 5
1 A B C D E
2 F G H I/J K
3 L M N O P
4 Q R S T U
5 V W X Y Z

Basic Form:
Plain: pivalic
Cipher: 53421511134231

Extended Methods:
Method #1

Plaintext: pivalic
method variations:
uoafqohztflvtneylqayskdqvfdx

Method #2
Bifid cipher
The message is converted to its coordinates in the usual manner, but they are written vertically beneath:
p i v a l i c 
5 4 1 1 1 4 3 
3 2 5 1 3 2 1 
They are then read out in rows:
54111433251321
Then divided up into pairs again, and the pairs turned back into letters using the square:
Plain: pivalic
Cipher: uaqnwlb

Read more ...
Method #3

Plaintext: pivalic
method variations:
sbeasmv beasmvs easmvsb
asmvsbe smvsbea mvsbeas
vsbeasm

Read more ...[RUS] , [EN]

 

Permutation Cipher
In classical cryptography, a permutation cipher is a transposition cipher in which the key is a permutation. To apply a cipher, a random permutation of size E is generated (the larger the value of E the more secure the cipher). The plaintext is then broken into segments of size E and the letters within that segment are permuted according to this key.
In theory, any transposition cipher can be viewed as a permutation cipher where E is equal to the length of the plaintext; this is too cumbersome a generalisation to use in actual practice, however.
The idea behind a permutation cipher is to keep the plaintext characters unchanged, butalter their positions by rearrangement using a permutation
This cipher is defined as:
Let m be a positive integer, and K consist of all permutations of {1,...,m}
For a key (permutation) , define:
The encryption function
The decryption function
A small example, assuming m = 6, and the key is the permutation :

The first row is the value of i, and the second row is the corresponding value of (i)
The inverse permutation, is constructed by interchanging the two rows, andrearranging the columns so that the first row is in increasing order, Therefore, is:

Total variation formula:

e = 2,718281828 , n - plaintext length

Plaintext: pivalic

all 5040 cipher variations:
pivalic pivalci pivailc pivaicl pivacil pivacli pivlaic pivlaci pivliac pivlica pivlcia
pivlcai pivilac pivilca pivialc piviacl pivical pivicla pivclia pivclai pivcila pivcial
pivcail pivcali piavlic piavlci piavilc piavicl piavcil piavcli pialvic pialvci pialivc
pialicv pialciv pialcvi piailvc piailcv piaivlc piaivcl piaicvl piaiclv piacliv piaclvi
piacilv piacivl piacvil piacvli pilavic pilavci pilaivc pilaicv pilaciv pilacvi pilvaic
pilvaci pilviac pilvica pilvcia pilvcai pilivac pilivca piliavc piliacv pilicav pilicva
pilcvia pilcvai pilciva pilciav pilcaiv pilcavi piialvc piialcv piiavlc piiavcl piiacvl
piiaclv piilavc piilacv piilvac piilvca piilcva piilcav piivlac piivlca piivalc piivacl
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picialv piciavl picival picivla picvlia picvlai picvila picvial picvail picvali pvialic
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livicpa livcpia livcpai livcipa livciap livcaip livcapi liavpic liavpci liavipc liavicp
liavcip liavcpi liapvic liapvci liapivc liapicv liapciv liapcvi liaipvc liaipcv liaivpc
liaivcp liaicvp liaicpv liacpiv liacpvi liacipv liacivp liacvip liacvpi lipavic lipavci
lipaivc lipaicv lipaciv lipacvi lipvaic lipvaci lipviac lipvica lipvcia lipvcai lipivac
lipivca lipiavc lipiacv lipicav lipicva lipcvia lipcvai lipciva lipciav lipcaiv lipcavi
liiapvc liiapcv liiavpc liiavcp liiacvp liiacpv liipavc liipacv liipvac liipvca liipcva
liipcav liivpac liivpca liivapc liivacp liivcap liivcpa liicpva liicpav liicvpa liicvap
liicavp liicapv licapiv licapvi licaipv licaivp licavip licavpi licpaiv licpavi licpiav
licpiva licpvia licpvai licipav licipva liciapv liciavp licivap licivpa licvpia licvpai
licvipa licviap licvaip licvapi lcvapii lcvapii lcvaipi lcvaiip lcvaiip lcvaipi lcvpaii
lcvpaii lcvpiai lcvpiia lcvpiia lcvpiai lcvipai lcvipia lcviapi lcviaip lcviiap lcviipa
lcvipia lcvipai lcviipa lcviiap lcviaip lcviapi lcavpii lcavpii lcavipi lcaviip lcaviip
lcavipi lcapvii lcapvii lcapivi lcapiiv lcapiiv lcapivi lcaipvi lcaipiv lcaivpi lcaivip
lcaiivp lcaiipv lcaipiv lcaipvi lcaiipv lcaiivp lcaivip lcaivpi lcpavii lcpavii lcpaivi
lcpaiiv lcpaiiv lcpaivi lcpvaii lcpvaii lcpviai lcpviia lcpviia lcpviai lcpivai lcpivia
lcpiavi lcpiaiv lcpiiav lcpiiva lcpivia lcpivai lcpiiva lcpiiav lcpiaiv lcpiavi lciapvi
lciapiv lciavpi lciavip lciaivp lciaipv lcipavi lcipaiv lcipvai lcipvia lcipiva lcipiav
lcivpai lcivpia lcivapi lcivaip lciviap lcivipa lciipva lciipav lciivpa lciivap lciiavp
lciiapv lciapiv lciapvi lciaipv lciaivp lciavip lciavpi lcipaiv lcipavi lcipiav lcipiva
lcipvia lcipvai lciipav lciipva lciiapv lciiavp lciivap lciivpa lcivpia lcivpai lcivipa
lciviap lcivaip lcivapi iivalpc iivalcp iivaplc iivapcl iivacpl iivaclp iivlapc iivlacp
iivlpac iivlpca iivlcpa iivlcap iivplac iivplca iivpalc iivpacl iivpcal iivpcla iivclpa
iivclap iivcpla iivcpal iivcapl iivcalp iiavlpc iiavlcp iiavplc iiavpcl iiavcpl iiavclp
iialvpc iialvcp iialpvc iialpcv iialcpv iialcvp iiaplvc iiaplcv iiapvlc iiapvcl iiapcvl
iiapclv iiaclpv iiaclvp iiacplv iiacpvl iiacvpl iiacvlp iilavpc iilavcp iilapvc iilapcv
iilacpv iilacvp iilvapc iilvacp iilvpac iilvpca iilvcpa iilvcap iilpvac iilpvca iilpavc
iilpacv iilpcav iilpcva iilcvpa iilcvap iilcpva iilcpav iilcapv iilcavp iipalvc iipalcv
iipavlc iipavcl iipacvl iipaclv iiplavc iiplacv iiplvac iiplvca iiplcva iiplcav iipvlac
iipvlca iipvalc iipvacl iipvcal iipvcla iipclva iipclav iipcvla iipcval iipcavl iipcalv
iicalpv iicalvp iicaplv iicapvl iicavpl iicavlp iiclapv iiclavp iiclpav iiclpva iiclvpa
iiclvap iicplav iicplva iicpalv iicpavl iicpval iicpvla iicvlpa iicvlap iicvpla iicvpal
iicvapl iicvalp ivialpc ivialcp iviaplc iviapcl iviacpl iviaclp ivilapc ivilacp ivilpac
ivilpca ivilcpa ivilcap iviplac iviplca ivipalc ivipacl ivipcal ivipcla iviclpa iviclap
ivicpla ivicpal ivicapl ivicalp ivailpc ivailcp ivaiplc ivaipcl ivaicpl ivaiclp ivalipc
ivalicp ivalpic ivalpci ivalcpi ivalcip ivaplic ivaplci ivapilc ivapicl ivapcil ivapcli
ivaclpi ivaclip ivacpli ivacpil ivacipl ivacilp ivlaipc ivlaicp ivlapic ivlapci ivlacpi
ivlacip ivliapc ivliacp ivlipac ivlipca ivlicpa ivlicap ivlpiac ivlpica ivlpaic ivlpaci
ivlpcai ivlpcia ivlcipa ivlciap ivlcpia ivlcpai ivlcapi ivlcaip ivpalic ivpalci ivpailc
ivpaicl ivpacil ivpacli ivplaic ivplaci ivpliac ivplica ivplcia ivplcai ivpilac ivpilca
ivpialc ivpiacl ivpical ivpicla ivpclia ivpclai ivpcila ivpcial ivpcail ivpcali ivcalpi
ivcalip ivcapli ivcapil ivcaipl ivcailp ivclapi ivclaip ivclpai ivclpia ivclipa ivcliap
ivcplai ivcplia ivcpali ivcpail ivcpial ivcpila ivcilpa ivcilap ivcipla ivcipal ivciapl
ivcialp iavilpc iavilcp iaviplc iavipcl iavicpl iaviclp iavlipc iavlicp iavlpic iavlpci
iavlcpi iavlcip iavplic iavplci iavpilc iavpicl iavpcil iavpcli iavclpi iavclip iavcpli
iavcpil iavcipl iavcilp iaivlpc iaivlcp iaivplc iaivpcl iaivcpl iaivclp iailvpc iailvcp
iailpvc iailpcv iailcpv iailcvp iaiplvc iaiplcv iaipvlc iaipvcl iaipcvl iaipclv iaiclpv
iaiclvp iaicplv iaicpvl iaicvpl iaicvlp ialivpc ialivcp ialipvc ialipcv ialicpv ialicvp
ialvipc ialvicp ialvpic ialvpci ialvcpi ialvcip ialpvic ialpvci ialpivc ialpicv ialpciv
ialpcvi ialcvpi ialcvip ialcpvi ialcpiv ialcipv ialcivp iapilvc iapilcv iapivlc iapivcl
iapicvl iapiclv iaplivc iaplicv iaplvic iaplvci iaplcvi iaplciv iapvlic iapvlci iapvilc
iapvicl iapvcil iapvcli iapclvi iapcliv iapcvli iapcvil iapcivl iapcilv iacilpv iacilvp
iaciplv iacipvl iacivpl iacivlp iaclipv iaclivp iaclpiv iaclpvi iaclvpi iaclvip iacpliv
iacplvi iacpilv iacpivl iacpvil iacpvli iacvlpi iacvlip iacvpli iacvpil iacvipl iacvilp
ilvaipc ilvaicp ilvapic ilvapci ilvacpi ilvacip ilviapc ilviacp ilvipac ilvipca ilvicpa
ilvicap ilvpiac ilvpica ilvpaic ilvpaci ilvpcai ilvpcia ilvcipa ilvciap ilvcpia ilvcpai
ilvcapi ilvcaip ilavipc ilavicp ilavpic ilavpci ilavcpi ilavcip ilaivpc ilaivcp ilaipvc
ilaipcv ilaicpv ilaicvp ilapivc ilapicv ilapvic ilapvci ilapcvi ilapciv ilacipv ilacivp
ilacpiv ilacpvi ilacvpi ilacvip iliavpc iliavcp iliapvc iliapcv iliacpv iliacvp ilivapc
ilivacp ilivpac ilivpca ilivcpa ilivcap ilipvac ilipvca ilipavc ilipacv ilipcav ilipcva
ilicvpa ilicvap ilicpva ilicpav ilicapv ilicavp ilpaivc ilpaicv ilpavic ilpavci ilpacvi
ilpaciv ilpiavc ilpiacv ilpivac ilpivca ilpicva ilpicav ilpviac ilpvica ilpvaic ilpvaci
ilpvcai ilpvcia ilpciva ilpciav ilpcvia ilpcvai ilpcavi ilpcaiv ilcaipv ilcaivp ilcapiv
ilcapvi ilcavpi ilcavip ilciapv ilciavp ilcipav ilcipva ilcivpa ilcivap ilcpiav ilcpiva
ilcpaiv ilcpavi ilcpvai ilcpvia ilcvipa ilcviap ilcvpia ilcvpai ilcvapi ilcvaip ipvalic
ipvalci ipvailc ipvaicl ipvacil ipvacli ipvlaic ipvlaci ipvliac ipvlica ipvlcia ipvlcai
ipvilac ipvilca ipvialc ipviacl ipvical ipvicla ipvclia ipvclai ipvcila ipvcial ipvcail
ipvcali ipavlic ipavlci ipavilc ipavicl ipavcil ipavcli ipalvic ipalvci ipalivc ipalicv
ipalciv ipalcvi ipailvc ipailcv ipaivlc ipaivcl ipaicvl ipaiclv ipacliv ipaclvi ipacilv
ipacivl ipacvil ipacvli iplavic iplavci iplaivc iplaicv iplaciv iplacvi iplvaic iplvaci
iplviac iplvica iplvcia iplvcai iplivac iplivca ipliavc ipliacv iplicav iplicva iplcvia
iplcvai iplciva iplciav iplcaiv iplcavi ipialvc ipialcv ipiavlc ipiavcl ipiacvl ipiaclv
ipilavc ipilacv ipilvac ipilvca ipilcva ipilcav ipivlac ipivlca ipivalc ipivacl ipivcal
ipivcla ipiclva ipiclav ipicvla ipicval ipicavl ipicalv ipcaliv ipcalvi ipcailv ipcaivl
ipcavil ipcavli ipclaiv ipclavi ipcliav ipcliva ipclvia ipclvai ipcilav ipcilva ipcialv
ipciavl ipcival ipcivla ipcvlia ipcvlai ipcvila ipcvial ipcvail ipcvali icvalpi icvalip
icvapli icvapil icvaipl icvailp icvlapi icvlaip icvlpai icvlpia icvlipa icvliap icvplai
icvplia icvpali icvpail icvpial icvpila icvilpa icvilap icvipla icvipal icviapl icvialp
icavlpi icavlip icavpli icavpil icavipl icavilp icalvpi icalvip icalpvi icalpiv icalipv
icalivp icaplvi icapliv icapvli icapvil icapivl icapilv icailpv icailvp icaiplv icaipvl
icaivpl icaivlp iclavpi iclavip iclapvi iclapiv iclaipv iclaivp iclvapi iclvaip iclvpai
iclvpia iclvipa iclviap iclpvai iclpvia iclpavi iclpaiv iclpiav iclpiva iclivpa iclivap
iclipva iclipav icliapv icliavp icpalvi icpaliv icpavli icpavil icpaivl icpailv icplavi
icplaiv icplvai icplvia icpliva icpliav icpvlai icpvlia icpvali icpvail icpvial icpvila
icpilva icpilav icpivla icpival icpiavl icpialv icialpv icialvp iciaplv iciapvl iciavpl
iciavlp icilapv icilavp icilpav icilpva icilvpa icilvap iciplav iciplva icipalv icipavl
icipval icipvla icivlpa icivlap icivpla icivpal icivapl icivalp civalip civalpi civailp
civaipl civapil civapli civlaip civlapi civliap civlipa civlpia civlpai civilap civilpa
civialp civiapl civipal civipla civplia civplai civpila civpial civpail civpali ciavlip
ciavlpi ciavilp ciavipl ciavpil ciavpli cialvip cialvpi cialivp cialipv cialpiv cialpvi
ciailvp ciailpv ciaivlp ciaivpl ciaipvl ciaiplv ciapliv ciaplvi ciapilv ciapivl ciapvil
ciapvli cilavip cilavpi cilaivp cilaipv cilapiv cilapvi cilvaip cilvapi cilviap cilvipa
cilvpia cilvpai cilivap cilivpa ciliavp ciliapv cilipav cilipva cilpvia cilpvai cilpiva
cilpiav cilpaiv cilpavi ciialvp ciialpv ciiavlp ciiavpl ciiapvl ciiaplv ciilavp ciilapv
ciilvap ciilvpa ciilpva ciilpav ciivlap ciivlpa ciivalp ciivapl ciivpal ciivpla ciiplva
ciiplav ciipvla ciipval ciipavl ciipalv cipaliv cipalvi cipailv cipaivl cipavil cipavli
ciplaiv ciplavi cipliav cipliva ciplvia ciplvai cipilav cipilva cipialv cipiavl cipival
cipivla cipvlia cipvlai cipvila cipvial cipvail cipvali cvialip cvialpi cviailp cviaipl
cviapil cviapli cvilaip cvilapi cviliap cvilipa cvilpia cvilpai cviilap cviilpa cviialp
cviiapl cviipal cviipla cviplia cviplai cvipila cvipial cvipail cvipali cvailip cvailpi
cvaiilp cvaiipl cvaipil cvaipli cvaliip cvalipi cvaliip cvalipi cvalpii cvalpii cvailip
cvailpi cvaiilp cvaiipl cvaipil cvaipli cvaplii cvaplii cvapili cvapiil cvapiil cvapili
cvlaiip cvlaipi cvlaiip cvlaipi cvlapii cvlapii cvliaip cvliapi cvliiap cvliipa cvlipia
cvlipai cvliiap cvliipa cvliaip cvliapi cvlipai cvlipia cvlpiia cvlpiai cvlpiia cvlpiai
cvlpaii cvlpaii cvialip cvialpi cviailp cviaipl cviapil cviapli cvilaip cvilapi cviliap
cvilipa cvilpia cvilpai cviilap cviilpa cviialp cviiapl cviipal cviipla cviplia cviplai
cvipila cvipial cvipail cvipali cvpalii cvpalii cvpaili cvpaiil cvpaiil cvpaili cvplaii
cvplaii cvpliai cvpliia cvpliia cvpliai cvpilai cvpilia cvpiali cvpiail cvpiial cvpiila
cvpilia cvpilai cvpiila cvpiial cvpiail cvpiali cavilip cavilpi caviilp caviipl cavipil
cavipli cavliip cavlipi cavliip cavlipi cavlpii cavlpii cavilip cavilpi caviilp caviipl
cavipil cavipli cavplii cavplii cavpili cavpiil cavpiil cavpili caivlip caivlpi caivilp
caivipl caivpil caivpli cailvip cailvpi cailivp cailipv cailpiv cailpvi caiilvp caiilpv
caiivlp caiivpl caiipvl caiiplv caipliv caiplvi caipilv caipivl caipvil caipvli calivip
calivpi caliivp caliipv calipiv calipvi calviip calvipi calviip calvipi calvpii calvpii
calivip calivpi caliivp caliipv calipiv calipvi calpvii calpvii calpivi calpiiv calpiiv
calpivi caiilvp caiilpv caiivlp caiivpl caiipvl caiiplv cailivp cailipv cailvip cailvpi
cailpvi cailpiv caivlip caivlpi caivilp caivipl caivpil caivpli caiplvi caipliv caipvli
caipvil caipivl caipilv capiliv capilvi capiilv capiivl capivil capivli capliiv caplivi
capliiv caplivi caplvii caplvii capiliv capilvi capiilv capiivl capivil capivli capvlii
capvlii capvili capviil capviil capvili clvaiip clvaipi clvaiip clvaipi clvapii clvapii
clviaip clviapi clviiap clviipa clvipia clvipai clviiap clviipa clviaip clviapi clvipai
clvipia clvpiia clvpiai clvpiia clvpiai clvpaii clvpaii claviip clavipi claviip clavipi
clavpii clavpii claivip claivpi claiivp claiipv claipiv claipvi claiivp claiipv claivip
claivpi claipvi claipiv clapiiv clapivi clapiiv clapivi clapvii clapvii cliavip cliavpi
cliaivp cliaipv cliapiv cliapvi clivaip clivapi cliviap clivipa clivpia clivpai cliivap
cliivpa cliiavp cliiapv cliipav cliipva clipvia clipvai clipiva clipiav clipaiv clipavi
cliaivp cliaipv cliavip cliavpi cliapvi cliapiv cliiavp cliiapv cliivap cliivpa cliipva
cliipav cliviap clivipa clivaip clivapi clivpai clivpia clipiva clipiav clipvia clipvai
clipavi clipaiv clpaiiv clpaivi clpaiiv clpaivi clpavii clpavii clpiaiv clpiavi clpiiav
clpiiva clpivia clpivai clpiiav clpiiva clpiaiv clpiavi clpivai clpivia clpviia clpviai
clpviia clpviai clpvaii clpvaii civalip civalpi civailp civaipl civapil civapli civlaip
civlapi civliap civlipa civlpia civlpai civilap civilpa civialp civiapl civipal civipla
civplia civplai civpila civpial civpail civpali ciavlip ciavlpi ciavilp ciavipl ciavpil
ciavpli cialvip cialvpi cialivp cialipv cialpiv cialpvi ciailvp ciailpv ciaivlp ciaivpl
ciaipvl ciaiplv ciapliv ciaplvi ciapilv ciapivl ciapvil ciapvli cilavip cilavpi cilaivp
cilaipv cilapiv cilapvi cilvaip cilvapi cilviap cilvipa cilvpia cilvpai cilivap cilivpa
ciliavp ciliapv cilipav cilipva cilpvia cilpvai cilpiva cilpiav cilpaiv cilpavi ciialvp
ciialpv ciiavlp ciiavpl ciiapvl ciiaplv ciilavp ciilapv ciilvap ciilvpa ciilpva ciilpav
ciivlap ciivlpa ciivalp ciivapl ciivpal ciivpla ciiplva ciiplav ciipvla ciipval ciipavl
ciipalv cipaliv cipalvi cipailv cipaivl cipavil cipavli ciplaiv ciplavi cipliav cipliva
ciplvia ciplvai cipilav cipilva cipialv cipiavl cipival cipivla cipvlia cipvlai cipvila
cipvial cipvail cipvali cpvalii cpvalii cpvaili cpvaiil cpvaiil cpvaili cpvlaii cpvlaii
cpvliai cpvliia cpvliia cpvliai cpvilai cpvilia cpviali cpviail cpviial cpviila cpvilia
cpvilai cpviila cpviial cpviail cpviali cpavlii cpavlii cpavili cpaviil cpaviil cpavili
cpalvii cpalvii cpalivi cpaliiv cpaliiv cpalivi cpailvi cpailiv cpaivli cpaivil cpaiivl
cpaiilv cpailiv cpailvi cpaiilv cpaiivl cpaivil cpaivli cplavii cplavii cplaivi cplaiiv
cplaiiv cplaivi cplvaii cplvaii cplviai cplviia cplviia cplviai cplivai cplivia cpliavi
cpliaiv cpliiav cpliiva cplivia cplivai cpliiva cpliiav cpliaiv cpliavi cpialvi cpialiv
cpiavli cpiavil cpiaivl cpiailv cpilavi cpilaiv cpilvai cpilvia cpiliva cpiliav cpivlai
cpivlia cpivali cpivail cpivial cpivila cpiilva cpiilav cpiivla cpiival cpiiavl cpiialv
cpialiv cpialvi cpiailv cpiaivl cpiavil cpiavli cpilaiv cpilavi cpiliav cpiliva cpilvia
cpilvai cpiilav cpiilva cpiialv cpiiavl cpiival cpiivla cpivlia cpivlai cpivila cpivial
cpivail cpivali

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History of cryptography
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